3. A quote from Shakespeare's Julius Caesar
5. DHA Celebration: Report 10. President's Report
13. Butter v Margarine
15. No bullying - Prof. Stuart Hill
17. SANE, Kings College London - Rachel Gow
19. NASA examines omega-3 for bone health during space flight - Stephen Daniells
21. Moscow Congress 2007 Part 5 - Simon House
28. Uridine and EPA/DHA omega-3 fatty acids
29. Flu vaccinations suspended - WA Today April 23, 2010. News.com.au
30. ANH: Calling Europeans to action over GM foods
33. Letter. Nutrition in medical education - J Powell-Tuck
35. REVIEW: The Food Fallacy; by Dr Andrew Strigner
36. REVIEW: The Vegetarian Myth; by Lierre Keith
37. MEMBERSHIP CHANGES!-
by David Marsh
Congratulations are due to Simon House, winner of this year's Cleave Award - in appreciation for his remarkable work in pre- and perinatal nutrition and emotional care.
Indeed Simon has introduced to the Society a new dimension to the world of nutrition - the importance of emotional nurture of the mother, as well as nutrition, for psychological as well as physical health of her fetus and child. His deep knowledge and experience in the fields of psychotherapy, nutrition, evolution and now epigenetics have been a most welcome contribution to us all.
Small wonder then, because our Chair of many years, Professor Michael Crawford, was elected President following the death of Professor David Morley (as reported in a recent newsletter), that Simon was elected Chair.
At our committee meeting on March 26th, preceding the AGM lecture evening at the Medical Society of London, Chandos Street, W1, thanks were given, endorsed by all present, to Michael Crawford for his many years work for the Society. For a very busy scientist who spends much of his time not just running his own Institute of Brain Chemistry and Human Nutrition (IBCHN) and the Mother and Child Foundation, but travelling constantly, lecturing and advising throughout the world, his work for the Society is doubly commendable.
We are delighted that Rachel V Gow of King's College and the Institute of Psychiatry has agreed to take the post of Executive Officer. Her proven organising abilities will be greatly appreciated by members old and new. Welcome aboard Rachel!
Plans are afoot for expansion of the website. Thanks were given to our Webmaster Trevor Bennett for the huge amount of work and time he has given the Society and thanks likewise to his wife Linda. On-line membership, application and payment is now available, and it is planned to put all McCarrison Society publications on-line. This follows the current trend in publishing, for the phasing out of hard copy publications - bearing in mind the disproportional costs of print and postage. Hard copy newsletter addicts relax: a few copies will still be printed and mailed! See "Membership Changes" for advanced proposals, and the covering letter if you have received this Newsletter in the post.
Recent examples of front line publications going entirely online can be seen in Michelle Berriedale-Johnson's 'Foods Matter' (the only magazine devoted to allergies and hyper-sensitivities (including electrical and chemical hypersensitivity) - http://www.foodsmatter.com/ and Dr Sandra Goodman's Positive Health http://www.positivehealth.com/ Our thanks are due to Michelle - a long time member of the Society - for guidance and help recently given.
Nutrition and Health, published in association with AB Academic Publishing, will continue to be published hardcopy and circulated as usual at present, but negotiations have started to enable this Journal to be made available On-line as well, as wide-spread publishing experience shows that on-line availability boosts circulation and sales of hardcopies.
Robert Brown was welcomed on to the Committee. His book 'Omega 6, the Devil's Fat' has caused ripples and commendations in the world of essential fatty acids. Robert has kindly agreed to lead exploration in taking membership of the Society to India, where Sir Robert did much of his seminal work. http://www.omegasixthedevilsfat.com
Congratulations are also due to our Vice-President, Dr Andrew Strigner, for his remarkable new book 'The Food Fallacy', reviewed below. Dr Strigner was Chairman of the Society 1985/6/7: he has been practising in Harley Street for several decades - indeed he still is - and is widely known by the cognoscenti as 'Dr to the Stars'.
(The Food Fallacy; www.andrewstrigner.com).
by Rachel Gow
26th and 27th May 2010
Forty years ago, experimental evidence began to appear showing a special role for docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) as a brain selective nutrient. Over the intervening years the discovery that the brain and eye are rich in DHA, that DHA accumulates at a striking rate in utero and through childhood, and the now well-known concept that low DHA status results in suboptimal eye and brain development have emerged to establish DHA as a pivotal nutrient for optimal neural function.
We raised the question - How did modern humans come to rely on a dietary source of DHA? We further suggested that DHA has been a prominent component of the visual and nervous systems since the Cambrian explosion of oxidative metabolism and animal evolution 600 million years ago. Session one on DHA and human evolution explored the concept that the food fatty acid quality, not sheer quantity of calories and protein, facilitated the runaway expansion of the human brain. The key to cerebral expansion was the use of the aquatic food system reflecting the fact that the brain evolved in the sea 500-600 million years ago using DHA.
Over that whole stretch of vertebrate evolution no other molecule replaced DHA in its pivotal role in the structure and function of visual and neural signalling systems, DHA is poorly available from the land food web, hence the collapse of brain size relative to the body as land mammals evolved bigger and bigger bodies.
Sessions two and three discussed the discovery of the metabolic factors governing polyunsaturated fatty acid nutrition, evidence that development and long term brain and cardiovascular health depend on a dietary supply of DHA and the emerging role of DHA as a precursor for potent lipid mediators. Sessions four and five outlined molecular and translational science underlying the role of DHA in prevention and maintenance of brain health, and concluded with a discussion of the challenges for supply of seafood, the richest food source of DHA.
My professional concern about Government is the inequality of health and child poverty, about which much time has been spent on pushing through legislation on "Child Poverty".
There is no such thing as child poverty without there being maternal poverty and almost certainly poverty of the father.
What is happening here is that people are using their emotions not logic. The image of the child engenders emotions which lead to remedial and educational programmes in large measure. These are closing the stable door after the horse has bolted.
As well as being President of the McCarrison Society, I am a trustee of the Mother and Child Foundation. We held an inaugural conference at the Royal Society of Medicine in 1990 at which Dr Mark Belsey, then Director of Maternal and Child Health at WHO in Geneva spoke. During his presentation he said this:
"The interest of the child is served by many institutions from UNICEF to Save the Children Fund, the ubiquitous Institutes of Child Health and many other organizations - but - there is no voice for the mother!".
Neglect and lack of guidance during puberty and in pregnancy can lead to multiple nutrient deficits, as we have seen in the East-end of London. That threatens the mother, in terms of both her physical and mental health. Pregnancy-induced diabetes is on the rise, as is maternal depression and anaemia. In developing countries, the neglect is life-threatening. (see www.mother-and-child.org)
As far as the child is concerned, his or her capability at school and potential for jobs is decided before birth, as the bulk of brain division and its capacity is built early in pregnancy. Moreover, brain development is dependent on maternal health and nutrition. Low birthweight and fetal malnutrition is the strongest predictor of diabetes, heart disease and stroke as well as poor attention and performance at school and behavioural pathology. 1
The incidence of low birthweight was 6.6% in England in 1953, for the UK as a whole 6.6% in 1973 and 7.6% in 2002. UNICEF puts it at 8% in 2005. Despite all the advances in medicine and science of which we are proud, the strongest predictors of physical and mental ill health have actually increased in the UK. It is the worst in Western Europe. nearly twice that of the Scandinavian countries and about the same as Romania.
These figures demonstrate the blind spot and lack of logic in addressing poverty and inequality at its roots. Poor maternal health and nutrition can be seen at school with no teaching on the subject. In a study we did in Hackney schools nearly a third of the girls at puberty, were deficient in iron, a key nutrient for a successful pregnancy.2
As a follow up, we found pregnant women in Hackney were seriously deficient of many micro-nutrients.3, 4
Out of these figures comes the adverse impact of this neglect on the health both physical and mental of the mother. You may have seen on the BBC News, the results of our recent study which show the appalling state of maternal nutrition in the East-end of London: but that attention to nutrition can reduce the number of babies born small for gestational age, the highest risk factor.5
Poor maternal nutrition and health leads to a stunting of health and brain capability of the new born who grows up to repeat the process, resulting in a cycle of deprivation.6
This elementary fact has been ignored by successive governments despite being informed of the issue by many of those professionally concerned.
What can you do?
There needs to be new initiative in education where we need to empower children with knowledge. There needs to be a new paradigm in maternity services to inform and assist women in pregnancy about these matters, especially in the most vulnerable people who are usually those in inner cities.
Why we should worry?
An added reason for this concern is the fact that brain disorders have now overtaken all other burdens of ill health. In the EU, the audit revealed a cost of 386 billion. In the UK, where we have had questions asked in the House of Lords, the cost for 2007 was £77 billion, greater than heart disease and cancer combined. Many of us attribute this rise to preventable adverse nutrition: especially of young girls and women during puberty and pregnancy - for which there is good evidence specific to the brain. Moreover, people at the National Institutes of Health in the USA estimate that the greatest rise in mental ill-health is in children.
No party has remotely this far addressed this issue which is of a most serious nature. The rise in brain disorders was predicted by me in a publication in 1972 unless attention was given to brain specific essential fats in the food chain.7 There is a common nutritional factor here in the fats required by the brain and arteries and heart. However, the brain is better protected as it is defined in the womb. Thus there is a time lag between the arteries and brain being affected by bad diets. If brain disorders continue to rise this century, as heart disease did last, then we are looking at the worst social and health threat ever.
1 Black D, Morris J, Smith C, Townsend P. Inequalities in health: report of a Research Working Group. London: Department of Health and Social Security, 1980
2 Doyle, W., Jenkins, S., Crawford, M.A., Puvandendran, K. (1994) Nutritional status of school children in an inner city area. Arch. Dis. Child. 70: 376-381.
3 Doyle, W., Crawford, M.A., Wynn, A.H.A. and Wynn, S.W. (1989) Maternal Nutrient Intake and Birth Weight. J. Hum. Nutr. and Diet. 2: 407 - 414.
4 Wynn, S.W., Wynn, A.H.A., Doyle, W. and Crawford, M.A. (1994) The association of maternal social class with maternal diet and the dimensions of babies in a population of London Women. Nutr. Health 9: 303-315
5 Effect of multiple-micronutrient supplementation on maternal nutrient status, infant birth weight and gestational age at birth in a low-income, multi-ethnic population. Brough L, Rees GA, Crawford MA, Morton RH, Dorman EK. Br J Nutr. 2010 Apr 23:1-9.
6 Birch HG & Gussow JD "Disadvantaged Children" 1970 Harcourt, Brace & World Inc. NY.
7 The Food We Eat Today. Crawford & Crawford. 1972. Spearman.
There's now another reason to avoid margarine. It can make you stupid.
According to researchers at the University of Auckland, children who ate margarine every day had significantly lower IQ scores by the age of three-and-a-half than those who did not.1 And children who were underweight at birth had scores that were even lower by the time they were seven.
The tragedy here is that margarine was sold to us as a "healthier" alternative to butter. In fact, it may be the unhealthiest "food" ever created.
You sure wouldn't know this by reading the labels. They have statements like "100% Natural" and "Mother Nature's Own" and "Heart Healthy" and the like all over them. But they are really nothing but chemical concoctions made in a laboratory.
The vegetable oils used in most margarine are hydrogenated to make them solid. This turns the oil into highly unhealthy trans-fatty acids.
These man-made fatty acids have been shown to raise "bad" cholesterol (LDL) and lower "good" cholesterol (HDL). They have also been linked to inflammation, one of the major causes of heart disease.2
I came across another gem of a study the other day. It's titled, "Margarine Intake and Subsequent Coronary Heart Disease in Men."
This study is backed up by the world-famous Framingham Heart Study. They tracked people for 20 years and recorded the number of heart attacks suffered. The results were eye-opening.
As margarine consumption increased, heart attacks went up. As butter consumption increased, heart attacks declined.3
And that's not all ...
During the second decade, the group eating the most margarine had 77% more heart attacks than the group eating none!
Avoiding margarine may not only make you smarter, it could prevent you from having a heart attack or stroke.
Butter is a much healthier choice. But don't settle for just any type of butter. I recommend organic butter from grass-fed cows.
It contains short- and medium-chain fatty acids, which are easily converted to energy. This means that the fat in butter is less likely to be stored as fat in your body. Plus, it's packed with vitamins and essential nutrients your body needs.
And here's a little tidbit you probably wouldn't know: Butter contains more vitamin A than carrots. It also contains vitamin E and selenium. These three nutrients help protect your heart from free radical damage.4
1. Theodore, RF., Thompson, JMD., et al. "Dietary patterns and intelligence in early and middle childhood," Intelligence. 2009; 37(5):506-513.
2. C. Oomen, M. Ocke, et al, "Association between trans-fatty acid intake and 10-year risk of coronary heart disease in the Zutphen Elderly Study: The Lancet, Volume 357, Issue 9258, Pages 746-751.
3. Matthew W. Gillman, L. Adrienne Cupples, et al. "Margarine Intake and Subsequent Coronary Heart Disease in Men" Epidemiology, Vol. 8, No. 2 (Mar., 1997), pp. 144-149.
4. Price, Weston, DDS. Nutrition and Physical Degeneration, 1945, Price Pottenger Nutrition Foundation, Inc., La Mesa, California.
Our common inability to learn from 'good news stories' is as disturbing as the persistence of problems such as bullying - not just in schools, but also throughout society. This is particularly disturbing when our so-called 'experts' are found to be as resistant to such learning as the rest of us.
One of the most important 'good news stories' that I have learned so much from is the 'Peckham Experiment'. Two doctors, Scott Williamson and his wife Innes Pearse, having failed to make a particular population healthy in the usual ways (advice about diet, exercise, rest, medicines, etc.), set out to investigate the underlying causes of health.
To be able to observe people, a community centre was built in Peckham, a London suburb, and local families who joined were free to do whatever they wanted, so the doctors could see which behaviours might result in health.
After an initial six-month period of confusion, associated with developing confidence and competence to actually choose rather than be provided with activities, some remarkable things started to happen. In addition to getting healthy, the data shows that over the 12-year study, which involved over 1,000 families, there was not a single case of bullying, little interest in competitive games, virtually no accidents, no marriage breakdowns, and high levels of learning, creativity and sense of wellbeing.
The doctors reflected that it was as if they had created the conditions in which health had become 'contagious', and they identified spontaneity as the core behaviour that resulted in health (given people's genetic and experiential differences). Without consciously setting out to do this, they had actually conducted an experiment on the next stage in the psychosocial evolution of our species, from our present 'socialising' stage to an 'enabling' stage (from imposing agendas on others to enabling and supporting others in clarifying and acting on their own agendas). As long as our schools remain stuck in the 'socialising' paradigm, we will always have bullying; as just one of many expressions of resistance to such an imposition.
As we are a social species, we don't need to be socialised, but we do need to be supported and enabled to develop and act on our socialness. When our society realises this subtle difference, I suspect that not only will bullying end, but also wars, inequity, greed, and all other forms of misery. At least our experts (and politicians and educators) should be learning about this, rather than continually just describing and measuring our problems, and trying to come up with curative and remedial solutions. When will we ever learn, when will we ever learn?
More about the Peckham Experiment can be found at www.thephf.org.uk. and about our psychosocial evolution at www.psychohistory.com.
(Unpublished letter, 1 Dec. 2004, to Sydney Morning Herald, following articles on bullying)
SANE is delighted to support the innovative research work taking place at Kings College London into Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Omega-3 Fatty Acids (Essential Fatty Acids).
Currently there is a research project underway that is recruiting school children (aged 12-16) to participate in a new study.
Interested to participate? See details below.
Research Project in ADHD and mainstream school children:
Q. Does your son have inattentive, impulsive and/or hyperactive behaviour? Is he aged between 12 and 16 years of age? Would he be interested in taking part in a scientific research project?
Kings College London has been studying the relationship between omega-3 fatty acids and brain function with Professor Eric Taylor since 2006. Research suggests that children and young adults with symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), which include inattentive, impulsive and/or hyperactive type behaviours, have low levels of fatty acids. We would like to investigate this further by:
1. asking children with an official diagnosis of ADHD to come for a blood test with their non-affected male sibling(s). This is so we can compare the enzyme activity of specific genes which assist the absorption of essential fatty acids into red blood cells (the delta 5 and delta 6 desaturase genes);
Ethics Code 08/H0722/88.
We look forward to hearing from you!
1st Floor Cityside House, 40 Adler Street London E1 1EE
Tel: 020 7375 1002 Fax: 020 7375 2162
SANEline: 0845 767 8000
SANE (limited by guarantee) Registered Company Number: 2114937 Registered Charity Number: 296572 Registered address: 1st Floor Cityside House, 40 Adler Street, London, E1 1EE
by Stephen Daniells
Omega-3 becomes ET. JRG&T
Related topics: Omega-3, Research, Nutritional lipids and oils, Bone & joint health, Cardiovascular health Supplements of omega-3 EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) may protect against bone loss during weightlessness, according to a new study from NASA.
Omega-3 is one of the stars of the nutrition industry, with the ingredients market valued at a whopping $1.6 billion by Frost & Sullivan. The fatty acids, most notably EPA and DHA (docosahexaenoic acid), have been linked to a wide-range of health benefits, including reduced risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and certain cancers, good development of a baby during pregnancy, joint health, and improved behaviour and mood.
The sky may not be the limit. According to findings published in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, new research from NASA suggests that EPA may protect against bone loss during space flight. Led by Dr Sara Zwart from the Universities Space Research Association in Houston, the researchers looked at levels of a protein called NF-kappaB that is linked to a range of functions, including bone resorption, muscle wastage, and immune health.
Data showed that NF-kappaB levels were higher in astronauts following periods of spaceflight. However, astronauts who reported higher intakes of fish, and therefore the omega-3s they contain, had lower levels of bone loss after spaceflight. These observations were supported by cell studies, said the researchers, which showed that EPA decreased the activation of NF-kappaB.
To boldly go where no PUFA has gone before, "We now have evidence that NF-kappaB is activated after short-duration spaceflight, and therefore inhibition of NF-kappaB activation could have many beneficial downstream effects to counteract the negative effects of spaceflight on bone, muscle, and immune function," wrote the researchers. "Beyond muscle, bone, and immune function, the role of n-3 fatty acids in cancer prevention is currently being investigated in animal models of spaceflight radiation effects, with positive results. "Thus, there is a good possibility that something as simple as a menu change to increase fish intake might serve as a countermeasure to help mitigate risks related to bone, muscle, immune function, and potentially even radiation," they added.
Study details Dr Zwart and her co-workers measured the expression of the gene that codes for NF-kappaB before and after 12-16 days on a Shuttle for 7 male and 3 female astronauts. Data showed that NF-kappaB levels increased by almost 500 per cent following short-term spaceflight. Additional data from astronauts on longer spaceflights and stays on the Russian Mir space station were also studied. Their dietary intakes were assessed using food frequency questionnaires, and they underwent bone exams. Increased fish intakes were associated with reduced bone loss during weightlessness, said the researchers. Similar results were observed for people with extended periods of bed-rest, they added.
To infinity and beyond, Dr Zwart and her co-workers called to intervention studies with dietary sources of omega-3 fatty acids to elucidate the mechanism behind the apparent bone benefits, as well as to study effects of muscle and antioxidant defences. "These data will have significant implications for future space exploration, and could benefit the general population," they concluded.
Source: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research Published online ahead of print, doi: 10.1359/JBMR091041
"Capacity of Omega-3 Fatty Acids or Eicosapentaenoic Acid to Counteract Weightlessness-Induced Bone Loss by Inhibiting NF-?B Activation: From Cells to Bed Rest to Astronauts"
Authors: S.R. Zwart, D. Pierson, S. Mehta, S. Gonda, S.M. Smith
by Simon House
THE PRENATAL CHILD AND SOCIETY: The Role of Prenatal Psychology in Obstetrics, Neonatology, Psychology & Sociology
Summaries - edited by Simon House
The previous (4th) instalment attended to practical care during gestation, to critical stages in brain development, and to an elaborate program for neonatal care for preterm babies. We were made conscious of their sudden experience of an incubator, so contrasting to the womb, and the lasting impact on their lives.
This 5th and last instalment describes research and methods in first-year maternal care, and in pre-schools for healing and enhancement of children's lives. Consideration of past and present prenatal psychology in the context of philosophy and culture conclude the series, with its grounds for hope for children's happier nurturing, to establish them in their own wholeness and transforming power for society.
J. POSTNATAL AND PRESCHOOL
Recognising the psychological-physiological influences of a mother and a father on their child as the main determinant in the first months of life, OM Philkina and colleagues assessed various factors including: personal features of parents; record of being alarmed in a work situation; personal hierarchy of values, relationships; self-estimate of physical and psychological health; and children's physical development and dynamics. Comparing with mothers and fathers of children with records clear of neurological maldevelopment, they assessed mothers and fathers of children with retarded neurological development in these 3 categories:
1. deviations of physical development
2. retarded psychological development
3. severe outcomes
Detailed correlations showed the importance of psychotherapeutic work with parents in developing their parent-child attitude, forming a system of mental self-control, and motivating active participation in treatment of any child with a perinatal neurological problem. (Philkina, OM, Kocherova BOJ, Shanina TG, Vorobjeva EA, Pyhtina LA).
On communication with the mother in the first year depends a child's health, physical and psychological, and socialization. E Zueva says that as the child grows older, these early experiences are left in unconscious memory from where they continue to influence decisions unconsciously, so they can become a source of intra-psychic conflict. This can lead to emotional disorders, anxiety, psychosomatic diseases, personality disorders and so on.
Following birth, symbiotic unity with the mother gradually weakens, though the child can still maximise close contact to ensure comfort. Yet the time-gap between the mother's rise of desire and satisfaction leads to the child's 2 states 'ego with mother', 'ego without mother' and sense of independent being. If the gap becomes too small, the child lacks space for personal growth. If too large, he is deprived of support and person whom he can imitate. Hence Winnicott's expression 'a good enough mother' means enough holding for her child and not too much. If he does not get enough holding, he may later regress towards the oral stage.
Problems of love or career can lead to dependencies (alcohol, smoking, drugs, eating disorder, gambling), with mood problems and incapability of achieving independence. So much depends on the first year of life. (Zueva, E ~ Russia).
For children suffering adverse programming, the earlier the intervention the better, especially pre- or perinatally, comments Paula Ingalls.
Conditions during pregnancy program the fetus. For instance, undernutrition or viral infections program a child for diseases and an earlier death in adulthood.
Further negative influences include: maternal stress, hypertension and depression; infections, environmental pollutants, medications and substance abuse; poverty and squalid living conditions; Caesarean section and other birth complications.
Even following birth, disorders of feeding, bonding and attachment; cultural bias, circumcision, domestic violence and child abuse; parental permissiveness; and last but not least, the child's responses to the experiences imposed upon it by nature and nurture. Such adverse effects on gene-transcription can affect the child psychologically, physically and neurochemically, leading to various neurobiological abnormalities, including for instance autism and ADHD.
Depressed mothers can be unresponsive and flat in their affective displays, alternatively intrusive and hostile, handling their infants roughly and overstimulating them. Babies treated either way display gaze avoidance, vocalize less, and are less assertive. Many are irritable, cry more, and cannot calm down after an upset. Some develop long-term emotional, cognitive and behavioural problems. Perinatal intervention combined with postnatal separation correlates strongly with later criminal behaviour (Raine).
Trials have shown prevention to be possible and affordable. In Chicago, a high-quality preschool program beginning 1962 enrolled 123 African American children aged 3-4. They had been born in poverty and were at high risk of failing. Of the survivors, 97 percent were tracked till 40 years of age. The rate of success of the program children's graduation from high-school was 50% better than those not on the program, and only half the percentage of them were in prison (David Weikart). Economists estimate the investment of $15,000 per child to return more than $250,000.
Society may come to understand that pursuing health at least from conception onwards instead of treating diseases separately later on is a paradigm of much greater value to the global community. (Ingalls, Paula ~ USA).
Pre-school and kindergarten children present special opportunities for interaction and dialogue relating to the pre- & perinatal stage, since they are still close to it. Supported by research in attachment and neurobiology, Hans von Lupke uses ultrasound videos of children's prenatal development and communication. He recognises the continuity of characteristic fetal behaviour into childhood, as in Alessandra Piontelli's work on twins (1992).
Working with this age-group, we also learn more about the impact of influences during that age on further development. Mutual child-parent care is guided by paediatricians and parents. Prenatal behaviour and circumstances of its modification gives fundamental cues for understanding of development as an actively initiated process in a continuous mutual exchange with the world, in particular in the context of mother-infant relationship.
This understanding offers the opportunity of using different aspects of this early development as constituents of development in general.
In this context, developmental psychology changes from a list of achievements during each stage to an understanding of fundamental constituents; that these will be modified and transformed during the process of development in a continuous rational context; that this induces mutual transformation of all participants, child, parents and even professionals.
Among these constituents, one of the most important is the development of the 'sense of a core-self' as conceptualised by Daniel Stern (1985), who recognizes:
A. Self-agency, sense of authorship and control of one's own actions.
B. Self-coherence, being non-fragmented either while active or while still.
C. Self-affectivity, sensing one's inner qualities of feeling associated with other experiences of self.
D. Self-history, sense of enduring, and continuity with one's past even while changing.
Stern's concept, limited by his belief that the core-self began at the age of 2 months, is supplemented by our realization of prenatal development, continuous through birth onwards.
Standing out too is the importance of an event in the context of relationship. Brain research shows that significance is derived from relationship, without which perception doesn't occur. Based on these fundamental aspects, issues such as affect control and theory of mind can be discussed, as well as empathy with its consequences for social behaviour. On the basis of these constituents, we can discuss learning processes, aggression, ADHD, trauma and resilience, integration of processes of mourning and being handicapped.
Training seminars over two weeks present the methods to educators working with children from 0 to 6 years. At these the ultra-sound video sequences always carry strong conviction.
K. HISTORY, PHILOSOPHY AND HOPES
The close connection between psychological and somatic fields has been studied since the time of Hippocrates and Aristotle. Ntalja Kovalenko lists some other researchers: Psychosomatic integrity: Z Chernoruzky, M Kabanov, R Gallon. Clinico-empirical approach: V Osler, R Konechny, M Boukhal. Specific emotional conflict: F Aleksander. Emotional stress: G Sel'e, R Lazarus. Psychophysiological approach: F Berezin, P Anokhin.
Psychoendocrinological approach: V Uspensky. Reconstructive person-centred psychotherapy: V Myasischev. Psychotherapy and psychosomatic health are most important of all for childbearing women, having such powerful effect on the wellbeing of her child. (Kovalenko, Natalja ~ Russia).
Difficulties with carrying a baby, complicated delivery, and fall in fertility became the focus of research for the Russian Psychology and Medicine Association in 1994, and was based on maternity home No 10 in S. Petersburg. Natalja Kovalenko relates that the search was for new effective forms of psychological help, advice in pregnancy and training for birth, with emphasis on natural delivery without surgical intervention. Important contributions were made by pioneer scientists Professors A. Batuev, V. Abramchenko, G Brekhman, I Dobrykov and many others. With scientific knowledge in medicine and psychology their new ideas and methodology were integrated, the seminars and annual conferences conducted by Academician G. Jacovlev. Cooperation then with the Association of Prenatal and Perinatal Development (Moscow), headed by N Chicherina, led to the development of RAPPM. In 2005 the Association began to cooperate with the International Society of Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology and Medicine, headed by R Linder (Germany). The association is also planning development with the Association of Integrative Medicine (S. Petersburg). (Kovalenko, Natalja ~ Russia).
Inter-relating the various disciplines concerning the psychobiological and cultural aspects of human reproductive attitude, behaviour and experience, Lucio Zichella has been focusing on the role of anthropology. Anthropology has been acquiring a more and more specific philosophical dimension. Philosophy itself plays a role in understanding, preventing and treating, at a human level, human discomforts in health.
An interdisciplinary perspective on the individual and couple situation raises the need to express a meta-thought. Zichella thinks that anthropological philosophy, concerned with the human being in the world, could be the right way to contextualize the meta-thought in a cultural dimension. (Zichella, Lucio ~ Italy).
Peacefulness can be ours, through changing ways of parenting from forcefulness to tenderness, and at the most vulnerable levels, gestation and infancy. Ludwig Janus rejoices in our joining as nations in this vital work. Prenatal psychology has to be a multi-disciplinary study, including culture and social values. Parenting skills and the prevention of harm are key.
Since our large human head has shortened our gestation to less than half that of other mammals, the baby's helplessness has necessitated the ability to engage the maximum care from mother and family. We have continued this dependence, even as we grow up, to create exceptional social formations around us throughout life.
In contrast, repressive cultures and wars have imprinted on us violence, which repeats generation by generation until it is interrupted yet, within the huge autocratic configurations, the Enlightenment and our recognizing the virtues of some simpler societies, have allowed us safe havens and more intimate relationships. It is good that we from Germany are this time in Russia to cooperate in generating peacefulness. So we share internationally the ways parenting becomes gentler, while obstetrics and other disciplines have made childbearing safer, so engendering gentler attitudes in society.
Destructive tendencies still arise due to mental, social and somatic illnesses, resulting from deprived socialization. Relationships, parenting especially, must become a key part of our education systems. Our systems, rooted in the 19th century, still keep their patriarchal focus on achievement. 20th century depth psychology and recognition of emotions are not yet in the curricula. Our schools pay scarce attention to the other half of adult life outside work, leaving young people to experience problems in partnerships and parenthood, which are passed on to their children. Only countering measures will counteract the high level of domestic violence, and promote the great human potential of children that they so urgently need to benefit our ever more complex world.
(Janus, Ludwig ~ Germany).
This concludes the series, with its grounds of hope for the happier and more skilful nurturing of more children, establishing them in their own wholeness and transforming power for society. I give below the series' Contents, followed by the summaries' author index:
Below is a list of our Newsletter's instalments of Moscow Congress 2007
42/2 A. The context of conception in the environment and evolution, B. Views of contraception and falling birth rates.
42/3 C. Unwanted pregnancies - caring and prevention D. Being and feeling an unwanted child E. Prenatal stress and science of the brain - preventing and resolving negative psychological imprinting.
41/1 F. Researching reproductive risk factors, psychological and physical G. Enhancing experience prenatally and postnatally against risk factors.
41/2 H. Preterm babies - prenatal and neonatal care, with attention to critical stages of brain development.
41/3 J. Postnatal healing in maternal care and preschool K. Philosophy, culture and hope in pre-and perinatal understanding.
(continued on next page)
Author index of summaries
|C1 Acott||D1 Kafkalides C||G8 Popova|
|B1 Antonov||D2 Kafkalides Z||D4 Proselkova|
|H3 Batuev||A3 Kon||F4 Rero?|
|H7 Batuev||K1 Kovalenko||G4 Sansone|
|B4 Beloborodov||K2 Kovalenko||B2 Shepovalnikov|
|G2 Bodecs||E6 Kulchimbaeva||E7 Sierra|
|A4 Brekhman||G3 Lazarev||E3 Sleptsova|
|G1 Chicherina||G9 Linder||G5 Strack|
|D3 Evertz||H9 Linderkamp||E4 Tashaev|
|G6 Fateeva||F3 Lubetzky||H8 Tresorukova|
|A1 Fauré||D6 Margolina||C4 Turner|
|H5 Fedoseeva||G7 Mauger||F2 Vasilieva EV|
|C3 Filippova||B3 Moscichova-Gitelson||H4 Vasilyeva M|
|C2 Gouni||E5 Müller-Markfort||E1 Verny|
|A2 House||E2 Osnitsky||J4 von Lüpke|
|H1 Ingalls||D5 Philkina||H2 Weintraub|
|J3 Ingalls||J1 Philkina||K3 Zichella|
|H6 Iovleva||D7 Platonova||F5 Zimmerman|
|K4 Janus||F1 Poperechnyi||J2 Zueva|
My fuller summaries (20,000 words) are published in the International Journal of Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology and Medicine - the Society's website being www.isppm.de
Most of the articles/presentations were published in: THE WORLD CONGRESS - THE PRENATAL CHILD AND SOCIETY: The Role of Prenatal Psychology in Obstetrics, Neonatology, Psychology & Sociology, MOSCOW, 2007, May 20-24. by Academia MOCKBA.
Harvard researchers report that supplementation in rats with a combination of uridine and EPA/DHA omega-3 fatty acids has antidepressant activity equivalent to that of commonly prescribed antidepressant medications, such as Prozac and other SSRIs.
(Carlezon WA, Mague SD, Parow AM, Stoll AL, Cohen BM, Renshaw PF (February 2005). "Antidepressant-like effects of uridine and omega-3 fatty acids are potentiated by combined treatment in rats". Biol Psychiatry 57 (4): 343-50. doi:10.1016/j.biopsych.2004.11.038)
Sources of uridine - (I hesitate! # ):
uridine definition noun
a nucleoside, CHNO, formed from uracil and ribose and found in RNA
Seasonal flu vaccinations have been suspended in Australia for all children under the age of five. The suspension comes after 23 children in Western Australia were admitted to hospitals with convulsions after receiving flu injections.
More than 250 children may have had adverse reactions to the vaccine, with symptoms including fever, vomiting and convulsions.
WA Today reports that:
"Another 40 convulsion cases had been detected in the past month in children at other metropolitan hospitals ... Doctors are now working to determine how many of those children received the flu vaccine."
Sources: WA Today April 23, 2010. www.News.com.au April 27, 2010
While the EU, with one hand, tries its best to limit access by its citizens to useful forms and levels of vitamins and minerals, it seems ever intent, with the other hand, to foist more and more genetically modified (GM) foods on us. This is a critical time for action by EU citizens!
There are three very time sensitive actions that need your attention. We implore you to give a few minutes to these action. Action 1 will take you less than minute, Action 2 around 5 minutes, and Action 3 around 30 minutes. You might spend a further 5 minutes forwarding this eBlast to members of your family and friends who might have similar concerns about the human health and environmental risks of genetically modified foods.
Action 1 on GM
We call on all Europeans to respond to the Avaaz petition which is moving ever closer to securing one million signatures needed to get the EU to review its planned approach to legitimising the mass cultivation of EU crops on crowded European soils. Act now, it'll take less than a minute of your time.
Action 2 on GM
It's also essential that as many European citizens as possible make known their concerns about hidden GMOs in animal products that are presently not required to be labelled as containing GMOs. By 3rd May 2010, European citizens must write to their elected representatives in the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety (ENVI) Committee of the European Parliament. Locate your relevant MEPs and ask for their support over the amendment (Article 8(7)) of the Novel Food Regulation which will make it compulsory to label all food products derived from animals fed genetically modified feed. As much as 85% of compound animal feed in the EU now contains GMOs, and this completely unacceptable trend has occurred simply because consumers have not been given the choice to discriminate between foods produced from animals fed with or without GM feed.
Action 3 on GM
There are also two critical public consultations that are going to guide how the EU is to handle increased pressure to legitimise cultivation of GM foods. The consultations are by none other than the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) which has been previously slammed for bias towards the biotech giants. But the more informed responses received by EFSA, the better the chances of Europe not going the same way as the US, where maize and soya are now predominantly GM varieties, and around 75% of processed foods in supermarkets contain GMOs. The consultations can be found on the EFSA website and the deadlines for submission (electronically via the website) are 30 April 2010. Invaluable guidance about how to get your anti-GM views across in these consultations is given by GM Freeze.
Alternative medicine works, says Prof Ernst!
Many of you will now be familiar with controversial Exeter University based professor of complementary medicine, Dr Edzard Ernst. He has (in)famously been seen as a major opponent of alternative therapies, given that he has consistently been reported in the media attacking the validity of alternative medicine. His seeming prejudice against natural health hasn't been helped by his alignment with anti-alternative medicine, pro-GMO, pro-vaccination lobbies like Sense About Science. He's even written a book about it (Trick or Treatment) that was pushed for all it's worth by anti-alternative medicine interests around the world. But the good professor has decided to take another look at his results. And guess what he's found? He has admitted to being surprised given that his own research shows that the majority of his treatments do actually work better than placebo, even using his somewhat flawed methods! In fact, in our story on this, we compare Ernst's results with orthodox medicine - and you can guess which was found to work better!
ANH-Intl brings you three features! Serendipity combined with hard work from three different contributors means that we can bring, for the first time, three ANH features in a single eBlast! The topics covered by these features are:
Please donate, we are hard at work on many of the key fronts to prevent the erosion of our right to natural health in Europe and Internationally.
We are funded solely by donations and urgently need you to get involved as well as your financial support.
Say no to being a GM guinea pig!
Urgent action - please sign this petition immediately
Nutrition in medical education
Thoughts from 1983. Have things improved in Medical Training?
'It is apparent that nutrition is not at present accepted as a clinical or research discipline within the teaching or district hospitals and does not generally play a major part in training in most hospitals and medical schools'. This statement, taken from the British Nutrition Foundation's recently published report 'Nutrition in Medical Education' (1983) reviewed in this issue of the Journal (p. 1082), deserves the most careful consideration. It will of course concern every thinking lay person who contemplates just what is taught in our medical schools. The fact of the matter is that many patients believe that dietary advice should take its place with advice on other aspects of their management.
Nutrition of course provides a very good opportunity to underline the practical relevance of large parts of a medical student's preclinical training, especially physiology and biochemistry. It is a bridge between many specialities and departments if it is taught in multidisciplinary form. This requires coordination between clinicians of different specialties - biochemists, physiologists, dietitians and nutritionists - and coordination on this scale is difficult to achieve in our tightly departmentalized medical schools and teaching hospitals.
How then should the British Nutrition Foundation's report be implemented? In the initial clinical phase of training, a medical student should be taught early about normal diet in childhood, adolescence and adulthood and of the special needs of pregnancy and lactation. He needs to know not only the concepts of input and output balance in nutrition but also to learn from his future dietetic colleagues how to assess the constituents of a diet. Early training must include something of normal absorption, excretion of carbon and nitrogen, transport of nutrients from gut to cell, and also touch on aspects of physiology and biochemistry like hormonal response to diet, appetite and thirst regulation. The acute and chronic effects of starvation could well be dealt with initially at a preclinical level. But the medical student probably does not need extra time in the already crowded preclinical curriculum to be taught nutrition effectively; what he needs is a curriculum coordinated between different departments.
The clinical phase of teaching nutrition should also be coordinated. Students need to learn how to assess a patient's nutritional stale by clinical examination and simple anthropometries. Such assessment is of children and adults, of protein-energy status and of the signs of specific nutrient deficiencies be they electrolyte, vitamin or trace element. Students need to learn of the symptoms and effects of specific deficiency syndromes and protein energy undernutrition in adults and children and how to treat them with dietary manipulation. They will see enteral and parenteral feeding and something of the indications and technical problems. They must learn about obesity, its causes, effects, assessment and treatment. This leads naturally to dietary advice in health as well as in specific diseases.
But how should this coordinated approach be put into practice? Let every teaching hospital have a clinically orientated nutrition team to provide dietary manipulation, enteral and parenteral feeding. Let the clinician in charge be in close contact with the Department of Biochemistry, and assume responsibility for coordinating training in nutrition both clinical and preclinical level.
J Powell-Tuck Gastrointestinal Unit Cross Hospital, London
British Nutrition Foundation (1983) Nutrition in Medical Education: Report of the BNF task force on Clinical Nutrition, BNF, London.
Thanks to J. of RSM. Vol 76, December 1983, 997.
The Vegetarian Myth
by Lierre Keith
We've been told that a vegetarian diet can feed the hungry, honour the animals, and save the planet. Lierre Keith believed in that plant-based diet and spent twenty years as a vegan. But in The Vegetarian Myth, she argues that we've been led astray - not by our longings for a just and sustainable world, but by our ignorance.
The truth is that agriculture is a relentless assault against the planet, and more of the same won't save us. In service to annual grains, humans have devastated prairies and forests, driven countless species extinct, altered the climate, and destroyed the topsoil - the basis of life itself. Keith argues that if we are to save this planet, our food must be an act of profound and abiding repair: it must come from inside living communities, not be imposed across them.
Part memoir, part nutritional primer, and part political manifesto, The Vegetarian Myth will challenge everything you thought you knew about food politics.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Lierre Keith is a writer, small farmer, and radical feminist activist. She is the author of two novels and is currently co-writing a book with Derrick Jensen and Aric McBay about strategy for the environmental movement. She splits her time between Northampton,MA and Humboldt, CA.
"This book saved my life. Not only does The Vegetarian Myth make clear how we should be eating, but also how the dominant food system is killing the planet. This necessary book challenges many of the destructive myths we live by and offers us a way back into our bodies, and back into the fight to save the planet." - Derrick Jensen, author of Endgame and A Language Older Than Words. Flashpoint Press was founded by Derrick Jensen to ignite a resistance movement, embracing the necessity of all levels of action.
by Trevor Bennett
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